A summary is a simplified version of a book, an article, a movie etc. understanding what has been viewed or read and rewriting it using one’s own choice of words. Summaries aren’t given only for the works of art like mentioned above. These are applicable even to various situations and discussions. So basically a book summary would be a simplified version of what the reader understood after having read a particular book. It is important to not mix up the terms review and summary as a review speaks of the author’s opinions and interpretations where as a summary speaks of only the facts.
Before Writing a Summary
Before starting to write a summary there a few key points to be considered. First, process as to what kind of book you are going to be working on whether it is fiction, non-fiction, etc. Next would be beginning the reading process. Even if one has read the book before, it is important to read it minutes from starting to write the summary. This is because the writer might come across important facts he/she didn’t find before and also most importantly the writer can take notes while reading. While reading, it is essential to observe and understand the plot at each situation, note down the characters, imagine the setting, tone and other factors that will contribute in giving you a clearer idea. It is not necessary to focus on every character in the book. Focus on the main ones, the characters that add strength and are a good piece to the story. Next divide the notes taken down into parts based on the climax and situations that take place, this will help with the structure of the summary. Outlining the plot is important once the notes are divided, pick out the most important points according to your opinion and design a simple outline to the summary. Designing this with the help of bullet points is more than enough. And the last stage before writing the summary would be to consider the main theme of the story; this is usually based on the main character of the story.
How to Summarize
Moving on to the summarization part; start off with the opening paragraph by introducing the author, title of the book and a sentence or two of the proposition of the book. Next, using the designed outline and notes taken down summarize the plot part by part. These should be kept simple and to the point only highlighting what is important. In case the writer feels that the summary is too long he/she should go through it once again editing piece by piece until achieving the desired length. Of course this step is optional. This brings our summary to its ending. It is best to summarize the climax in the same manner which the plots were summarized but the writer can also leave it in a cliffhanger by stating the final bits to it but not mentioning exactly how the character came to said situation.